Best Organic Mattresses

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Best Organic Mattresses

The term “organic mattress” gets thrown around a lot, but it’s only accurate some of the time. Unfortunately, green-washing is all too common in the mattress industry. Brands will advertise “eco-friendly” and “natural” mattress materials that are mostly chemical-based, or tout “sustainable manufacturing practices” without going into detail about how the beds are actually made. These misleading tactics can make finding a truly organic mattress pretty difficult.

Here’s our rule of thumb: to qualify as an organic mattress, the bed should contain organic and/ or natural materials with reputable certifications. The Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) and Global Organic Latex Standard (GOLS) are considered the leading certifications for organic components. Additional certifications recognize non-organic materials that are nonetheless natural, eco-friendly, and sustainable. Others indicate the material has been inspected for and does not contain harmful substances. There are dozens of certifications for bedding products, some more legitimate than others.

Now for the good news. Mattresses that actually contain organic and eco-friendly materials are widely available, and they offer you a lot of benefits as a sleeper. Natural components tend to be a lot more durable than blends and synthetics, so you’ll enjoy a longer mattress lifespan without wear-related support issues. Certain materials come with additional perks. Take organic and natural latex. This material is not only durable, but also incredibly breathable compared to mattress foam. Another example is wool used in mattress covers, which has natural cooling and moisture-wicking properties.

The bottom line: if you’re in the market for an organic mattress, be sure to research different brands to learn about the certifications – if any – their materials have received. Just because the brand calls a mattress organic or natural does not mean it contains green materials.

Below, you can check out our best organic mattress 2020 picks. These selections are based on ratings and reviews from verified mattress owners, as well as our own product testing. Further down, we’ll dive into different environmental certifications for mattresses, and how you can make sure you’re buying an eco-friendly bed.


Mattress Mattress Type Firmness Why It Stands Out Certifications Price
Avocado Green Hybrid

No pillow-top: Firm (7-8)

Pillow-top: Medium Firm (6)

The Avocado Green combines contouring organic latex and responsive coils to create a balanced, supportive feel.

GOLS (latex)
GOTS (wool and cotton)
GreenGuard Gold
Formaldehyde Free

$1,399 (no pillow-top)
$1,799 (pillow-top)


Awara Hybrid

Medium Firm (6)

The Awara’s medium firm feel and pressure-relieving latex ensure exceptional comfort and pressure relief for most sleepers.

GOLS (latex)
Rainforest Alliance (latex)
SGS (fire retardant)

EcoCloud Hybrid Medium (5) The breathable EcoCloud delivers a supportive yet contouring surface that reduces pressure exceptionally well.

OEKO-TEX Class 1 (latex)
Rainforest Alliance (latex)
GOTS (cotton)

PlushBeds Botanical Bliss Latex

2 choices:

  • Medium (5)
  • Firm (7-8)
Available in two firmness levels and multiple profiles, the PlushBeds Botanical Bliss offers comfortable contouring and strong support for any type of sleeper.

GOLS (latex)
GOTS (wool and cotton)
GreenGuard Gold
OEKO-TEX Standard 100
Forest Stewardship Council
USDA Organic

$2,699 (9″)
$2,999 (10″)
$3,399 (12″)

Joybed LXP Hybrid

2 choices:

  • Medium Soft (4)
  • Medium (5)
Soft, eco-friendly cotton over responsive coils gives the Joybed LXP a comfortable balance of cushioning and support.

GOTS (cotton)
Oregon Tilth (wool)
OEKO-TEX Standard 100

Birch Hybrid Medium Firm (6) The Birch is a supportive and durable hybrid that alleviates pressure and sleeps very cool.

GOTS (cotton)
OEKO-TEX Standard 100 (latex)
Rainforest Alliance (latex)
Wool Integrity NZ
GreenGuard Gold

Naturepedic Chorus Hybrid Medium Firm (6) The Chorus’s organic cotton and wool layers cushion and cradle the body while thick coils ensure excellent support.

GOTS (cotton and wool)
GreenGuard Gold


Our Top Picks

Avocado Green

Who it’s best for:Avocado Logo

  • People who weigh at least 130 pounds

  • Hot sleepers

  • Couples


Our first mattress, the Avocado Green, is a latex hybrid that has earned a handful of environmental certifications, including a GOLS certification for its latex and a GOTS certification for the cotton and wool cover. Other awards include the GreenGuard Gold certification for low off-gassing emissions, and a MADE-SAFE certification that indicates no harmful materials were used during production.

The Avocado Green is a best organic mattress pick for a few other reasons. Constructed with a Dunlop latex comfort layer over 8-inch pocketed coils and a latex base, the mattress is very well-made and its materials are exceptionally durable. Owners should expect the mattress to perform for at least eight years – and thanks to zoned coils, you’ll feel stronger support around your heavier areas and more cradling beneath the head, neck, and legs.

We also recommend the Avocado Green to hot sleepers. The coils circulate air to help the mattress maintain a comfortable temperature, and the top latex layer is ventilated to promote extra cooling. The cover, made from a breathable blend of wool and cotton, also has moisture-wicking properties.

The standard Avocado Green has a firm feel and is best suited to sleepers in any position who weigh 130 pounds or more. The latex is responsive yet contouring to alleviate pressure while keeping sleepers on an even plane, and the coils are strong enough to support heavier people. Shoppers who weigh less than 130 pounds can purchase an additional latex pillow-top for their Avocado Green, which softens the feel to a medium firm and provides closer contouring.

A vegan-friendly, wool-free version of the mattress is also available with standard firm and pillow-top feels. The pillow-top Avocado Green mattresses are more expensive than the standard models, but all price-points are reasonable compared to other similarly constructed hybrids. Avocado also offers free shipping to all 50 states, and backs the mattress with both a 1-year sleep trial and a 25-year warranty – both much longer than average.




Who it’s best for:Awara Logo

  • Sleepers who like the feel of very responsive mattresses

  • Hot sleepers

  • Value seekers


The Awara is a hybrid model featuring a latex layer certified by the Rainforest Alliance, an NGO that promotes sustainable forestry and agricultural practices in vulnerable rainforest areas. The latex is also GOLS-certified as organic, while the cover is made from a blend of natural cotton and GOTS-certified New Zealand wool. Additionally, the mattress has a non-chemical flame retardant certified by the SGS.

In addition to its cover and latex comfort layer, the mattress contains a support core with 9-inch pocketed coils that are fairly thick compared to the coils found in other hybrids. This gives the Awara a very responsive and supportive feel, and you’ll notice very little sink when sitting or sleeping near the edges of the bed.

Coupled with the medium firm surface, the mattress provides good shoulder and hip cushioning for side sleepers who weigh at least 130 pounds. The mattress also provides enough support for back and stomach sleepers who weigh up to 200 pounds.

Temperature neutrality is another strength of the Awara. The latex is very breathable and won’t trap as much heat as memory foam. The coils also promote steady airflow to keep the mattress cool, while the wool/cotton cover will wick away moisture during the night. And while the surface may be too responsive to eliminate motion transfer for co-sleepers, many couples agree the mattress offers the perfect amount of bounce for sex.

Compared to other latex hybrids with organic components, the Awara is very inexpensive, and the company will ship the mattress for free anywhere in the lower 48. You can also test out the Awara for 365 nights before deciding whether to return or keep it, and the mattress is backed by a lifetime warranty for extra peace of mind.



Who it’s best for:Winkbed Logo

  • People who weigh up to 200 pounds

  • Sleepers who prefer very responsive mattresses

  • Hot sleepers


The EcoCloud is a latex hybrid from WinkBeds. The 4-inch, ventilated Talalay latex comfort layer has earned an OEKO-TEX Class 1 certification, which indicates the material doesn’t contain any harmful chemicals or substances, as well as a Rainforest Alliance certification from how the latex is grown and harvested. The cover also contains a blend of GOTS-certified organic cotton and sustainable New Zealand wool.

The EcoCloud has a medium feel, giving it a softer and more conforming surface than a lot of competing latex hybrids. This results in comfortable cushioning and even spinal alignment for side sleepers who weigh 200 pounds or less, as well as even support and weight distribution for back and stomach sleepers in the same weight group. People who weigh more than 200 pounds may find the EcoCloud a bit too soft, and these sleepers may prefer one of the firmer latex hybrids on our list instead.

Despite the medium feel, the thick latex layer gives the bed some noticeable responsiveness. This not only makes the EcoCloud great for couples who prefer bouncy surfaces for sex, but also for people who want to reduce pressure without the deep body hug of memory foam. Like other latex hybrids, the EcoCloud sleeps very cool thanks to its breathable comfort and support layers. The cover made of organic cotton and moisture-wicking wool helps regulate your temperature, too.

The EcoCloud is a bit spendy, but not overpriced when you compare it to other high-quality latex hybrids. WinkBeds throws in free shipping throughout the contiguous U.S., along with White Glove delivery at an extra charge if you’d like someone else to set up the EcoCloud and haul your old mattress away. The mattress comes with a 120-night sleep trial and a lifetime warranty.


PlushBeds Botanical Bliss

Who it’s best for:PlushBeds Logo

  • Sleepers who prefer medium to firm feels

  • People who experience pressure points

  • Hot sleepers


PlushBeds has earned a reputation for luxurious and eco-friendly mattresses, and the Botanical Bliss organic latex mattress is no exception. In addition to GOLS-certified organic latex layers and GOTS-certified organic cotton and wool in the cover, the mattress has earned a GreenGuard Gold certification for products with low emissions. OEKO-TEX Standard 100 and eco-INSTITUT credentials indicate the mattress isn’t made with any harmful chemicals, while a Forest Stewardship Council certification ensures all wood- and plant-based products are sustainably sourced.

The bed is constructed with a top layer of organic wool batting, followed by comfort, transitional, and support layers of organic Dunlop latex. You can choose from two firmness levels for your Botanical Bliss. The medium feel contours closely to support the spine and reduce discomfort in pressure-sensitive areas, while the firm feel does not conform as closely but feels very supportive. The bed also comes in 9-inch, 10-inch, and 12-inch profiles, so you can also choose a model based on your thickness preferences.

Regardless of firmness or thickness, all Botanical Bless mattresses excel at temperature neutrality thanks to their ultra-breathable wool and latex layers. And because the latex is naturally responsive, most couples will find it perfectly bouncy for sex. Expect a long lifespan with this mattress, too. The naturally durable latex means you’ll be sleeping on the bed for at least eight years.

That said, the Botanical Bliss is pretty expensive even for a latex hybrid. PlushBeds offers free delivery within the contiguous U.S. The mattress is also backed by a 100-night sleep trial and a 25-year warranty.


Joybed LXP

Who it’s best for:Joybed Logo

  • Sleepers who prefer more responsiveness and less contouring

  • Hot sleepers

  • Value seekers


The Joybed LXP is different from most mattresses made today. Rather than comfort layers of foam or latex, the Joybed LXP is built with layers of wool and GOTS-certified organic cotton batting over a minicoil transitional layer and a pocketed coil support core. The wool has earned the Oregon Tilth certification, which indicates the wool is ethically harvested, and that the sheep are humanely treated. The mattress also holds an OEKO-TEX Standard 100 certification, ensuring it does not contain any harmful substances, and the green fire barrier is made from plant-based material.

The cotton batting over a coil-on-coil support system creates an exceptionally responsive feel for the mattress. You won’t experience much body-conforming or pressure relief on the mattress, and motion isolation is fairly minimal, but the mattress is very supportive. Hot sleepers will also feel cool and comfortable on the mattress. The cotton batting, along with a natural wool cover, promotes more breathability on the surface, and both coil layers promote strong airflow for added temperature neutrality.

You can choose from two different feels for your mattress. The medium plush feel rates at a 4 on the 1-10 firmness scale, so sleepers feel ample cushioning. The other option is a medium firm feel, which rates at a 5 and still feels fairly soft. Both feels provide minimal contouring, so choosing between the two comes down to how much padding you want for your body. However, people who weigh more than 200 pounds may find either firmness level a bit too soft.

Like the Awara, the Joybed LXP is a high-value mattress due to its low price-point and strong performance. Joybed also offers free shipping within the contiguous U.S. The mattress comes with a 120-night sleep trial and a 10-year warranty.



Who it’s best for:Birch Logo

  • People who weigh 200 pounds or less

  • Sleepers who prefer very responsive mattresses

  • Hot sleepers

The Birch is another latex hybrid. In addition to a Rainforest Alliance certification for sustainable forestry and agricultural practices, the latex has earned the OEKO-TEX Standard 100 certification to ensure no harmful chemicals are used in the mattress, as well as the eco-INSTITUT certification for healthy emission levels during production. Additionally, the mattress is GreenGuard Gold certified to indicate the Birch has low off-gassing emissions.

The mattress is built with comfort layers of Wool Integrity NZ-certified wool and ventilated natural latex over a support core of pocketed coils. With a medium firm feel, the Birch offers a balance of body-contouring from the latex and responsiveness from the coils. Lighter side sleepers receive a fair amount of padding from the wool layer, which can help align the spine and minimize pressure points. We also recommend the mattress to back and stomach sleepers, especially those who weigh 200 pounds or less and won’t sink too much into the wool batting.

Wool is one of the most breathable mattress materials available, so it’s no surprise the Birch’s wool batting layer regulates temperature very well. The ventilated latex and coil layers also promote airflow for an extra cool night’s rest. Wool, like latex, is also exceptionally durable. This mattress should perform for at least eight years before a replacement is needed.

In terms of latex hybrids, the Birch has a middle-of-the-road price-point. Free shipping is available to all 50 states and all customers receive a 100-night sleep trial. The mattress also comes with a 25-year warranty to cover the mattress throughout its long-expected lifespan.


Naturepedic Chorus

Who it’s best for:Naturepedic Logo

  • Side and stomach sleepers up to 200 pounds, and back sleepers of any weight

  • Sleepers who prefer very responsive mattresses

  • Hot sleepers


Like the Joybed LXP listed above, the Naturepedic Chorus hybrid does not contain any latex or foam layers. Instead, the mattress begins with a top layer of GOTS-certified organic wool and plant-based polylactide (PLA) material quilted into the cover. Standard PLA is a petroleum-based synthetic fiber, but the renewable PLA material found in the Chorus is produced from cornstarch, tapioca, sugarcane, and other natural components. This blended material makes the surface feel very breathable.

The Chorus also contains a transitional layer of pocketed minicoils, followed by 8-inch pocketed coils reinforced with a base layer of GOTS-certified organic cotton batting. The bed’s coil-on-coil design results in a very springy and responsive feel. This extra bounce, combined with a medium firm feel and lack of conforming materials, make the Chorus a great option if you like to sleep on a mattress with little to no sink. The dual coil layers both promote steady airflow for added cooling, as well.

Due to its excellent support system, the Chorus should offer enough reinforcement for back sleepers of any weight. Side and stomach sleepers who weigh up to 200 pounds should also experience enough body-cushioning from the quilted layer to feel comfortable, whereas heavier people who use these positions may sink into the micro-coil layer a bit too deeply. The mattress also conforms very little, so people with pressure points may want to choose a bed with latex instead.

The Chorus is fairly expensive, so we encourage buyers to take full advantage of Naturepedic’s 90-night sleep trial to decide if this unconventional mattress is right for them. Free ground shipping is available to anyone in the contiguous U.S., and the Chorus is backed by a 10-year warranty.

What Makes a Mattress Organic?

Technically speaking, no mattress is 100 percent organic. Even the most eco-friendly beds often contain coils, adhesives, small hardware parts, and other components that are at least partially synthetic. However, truly organic materials may be used to construct the mattress, and some beds are primarily made of such materials.

Certifications are key for separating mattresses with sustainable materials from their imitators. The certification should come from an organization that is unbiased and is not affiliated with the brand. The most reputable brands will include links or downloadable files for these certifications that site visitors can easily access.

Our advice: research not only the brands, but also the certifications and the organizations that award them. Pay close attention to the standards for certification, and reach out to the brand’s customer service department if you need further explanation. They should be able to point you in the right direction – “should” being the operative word.

What Types of Beds Are Organic?

Beds with certified-organic materials generally fall into one of two categories: latex or latex hybrid.

Latex is derived from the sap of rubber trees, and processed using one of two methods – Dunlop or Talalay – to create a responsive, foam-like material. How the latex is processed and which chemicals are used can be used to determine whether or not it can be certified as organic by organizations like the GOLS (more on the organic certification process in a bit).

Natural latex is a bit trickier because there’s no official certification akin to the GOLS standard for organic latex. If a brand offers a model with natural latex, you should inquire about the specific composition. Some “natural latex” layers contain a fair amount of synthetic fillers.

Latex may also be blended, which usually means it contains between 20 and 40 percent natural latex. Synthetic latex, on the other hand, may consist entirely of chemicals and other man-made components. These materials are often used in mattresses with lower price-points. Here’s the thing, though: blended and synthetic latex tend to be less durable than organic or mostly natural latex.

Some newer hybrid models – like the Joybed LXP and Naturepedic Chorus in our top picks – substitute latex for cotton and/or wool batting, which may also be certified as organic. As for the coils found in hybrids, they will almost always be made of steel, which is rendered using chemical-based processes. However, if the other components are organic or natural, then the mattress could be considered reasonably eco-friendly.

Other mattress types contain few, if any, organic materials. Take all-foam beds or innersprings with foam layers. Some have organic cotton covers, but the polyfoam and memory foam used in these models is polyurethane-based and will never be certified as organic.

That said, some manufacturers make an effort to produce toxin-free mattress foams in fairly sustainable ways. Mattresses from these brands might be a more cost-effective option for eco-conscious shoppers who don’t like the feel of latex, or would rather not pay the high sticker price of a certified-organic mattress.

Why Consider an Organic Mattress?

Many shy away from organic mattresses because these models often come with steep price-tags. How much do organic mattresses cost? That depends on the specific materials, as well as the brand. The average all-latex or hybrid mattress costs between $1,600 and $2,000 in a queen size, and the use of organic materials can easily drive up the cost beyond the $2,500 mark.

However expensive they may be, organic mattresses are actually a pretty sound investment for some sleepers. Beds with these materials offer certain benefits and advantages over models with synthetic components.

Durability is a huge selling point for mattresses with organic components because their long lifespans somewhat make up for the expensive price-points. The average mattress will perform for about six to eight years before wear and tear, loss of support, and other issues will compel you to buy a new bed. Beds with organic materials typically exceed the eight-year mark.

Organic latex is a prime example. The organic latex used in mattresses has natural resilience that allows it to bounce back and resist deep body impressions very well. Blended and synthetic latex will usually wear out more quickly. The average lifespan of a mattress with organic latex layers is about eight and a half years. For models with blended or synthetic latex, the lifespan is closer to seven or seven and a half.

Another advantage of organic mattresses is lower odor potential. When you unbox a bed with foam layers, the material will release off-gassing particles known as volatile organic compounds, or VOCs. Don’t be confused by the word “organic” in their name – VOCs only come from synthetic materials. The Environmental Protection Agency notes that exposure to VOCs – especially indoors – can trigger headaches, nausea, fatigue, and other adverse health effects. Furthermore, VOCs carry a distinct chemical odor many find unpleasant and some beds continue to smell long after they have been unpackaged.

Latex and latex hybrid mattresses may also produce a noticeable smell at first, but this is due to the material’s natural odor and not VOC off-gassing. Very few people who own these mattresses report bothersome smells once the bed has aired out for a few days. The same is true of organic wool, which has a distinct, temporary natural odor but does not emit any VOCs.

Organic mattresses have also been tested for other potentially harmful substances. The GOLS and GOTS test for hazardous substances in latex and textiles, respectively. The OEKO-TEX Standard 100 also certifies that textile materials do not contain any harmful components. Rest assured: with the right certifications, you can buy a mattress knowing it does not contain any materials that pose a threat to your wellbeing.

Lastly, and perhaps most importantly, mattresses with organic and/or environmental certifications are simply better for the environment. Whether they’ve been certified for natural materials, sustainable farming practices, or ethical treatment of animals, the brands that make these mattresses are taking extra measures to conserve resources, reduce their footprint, and contribute to planetary health.

Are organic mattresses worth it? Absolutely, provided their price-point is within your budget.

Sustainable vs. Organic

“Organic” is an official term referring to agricultural products derived from specific, approved methods. The U.S. Department of Agriculture maintains a full list of standards for organic products, including how plants are grown, which materials can be used in manufacturing, and how the products are labeled. The GOLS and GOTS have comparable criteria.

“Sustainable” is a less official term, even if its standards are similar. A widely accepted definition for sustainability comes from the United Nations Commission on Environment and Development: “Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.”

Although sustainability has many different applications, the term is frequently assigned to environmentally friendly practices that won’t deplete non-renewable resources or compromise global health.

A sustainably manufactured mattress contains materials that have been produced in such a manner. This might refer to latex or cotton plants that are grown and harvested using conservation farming, mattress production facilities that take steps to minimize their carbon output, or brands that use green shipping methods to reduce their carbon footprint.

There are many certifications for sustainably produced materials. These include some we’ve already discussed, such as the Rainforest Alliance certification for sustainable agriculture and forestry practices. A sustainable mattress material may not be certified as organic due to its composition or other factors. However, this does not mean the material is bad for the environment – in many cases, the opposite is true.

Certifications to Look For

As you browse different organic mattresses, you’ll notice dozens of certifications. Many of these are awards from unbiased, third-party organizations that certify materials based on rigid standards. Others may be less legitimate.

To help you navigate the potentially confusing process of finding a truly organic mattress, we’ve outlined three top certifications with a proven track record in the mattress industry. This list is far from exhaustive, and there are many worthwhile certifications to consider.


The Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) and Global Organic Latex Standard (GOLS) are widely considered the leading certifications for organic mattress materials.

According to GOTS standards, a textile must contain at least 70 percent organic fibers to be certified as organic. The textile’s synthetic components must also meet certain standards for environmental impact and toxicology. In most mattresses that carry this certification, the textile in question will be organic cotton and/or organic wool. These materials are usually found in covers, but – as we’ve seen with some of our top picks – can also be used in comfort, transitional, and support layers.

According to the GOLS, latex in mattresses must be at least 95 percent organic to receive the organic certification. The remaining 5 percent or less consists of chemical agents that form the latex foam, and these must meet certain GOLS criteria, as well. The standard also covers practices on rubber plantations where the latex is cultivated, as well as carbon emissions during production.

Silver: OEKO-TEX Standard 100

Short for the International Association for Research and Testing in the Field of Textile and Leather Ecology, OEKO-TEX tests textiles for the presence of harmful substances. The organization’s premier certification is the OEKO-TEX Standard 100.

When submitted for the OEKO-TEX Standard 100, a textile undergoes a rigorous evaluation that includes roughly 100 parameters (hence the name). A full explanation is available and worth the read, but the process boils down to this: every individual component of the textile will be tested for banned substances – such as azo dyes, nickel, and formaldehyde – and materials that may cause adverse health effects, but have not been regulated yet.

The Standard 100 awards certification in four different classes based on how close, if at all, the textile comes into contact with a person’s skin.

  • Class I: Direct-contact products approved for babies and infants up to 36 months old.
  • Class II: Direct-contact products approved for children and adults over 36 months.
  • Class III: Textiles primarily used away from the skin, such as pillow fill.
  • Class IV: Textiles that do not come into direct contact with the skin.

Many inner mattress materials earn the Class IV rating because you’ll never see or touch them.

Bronze: CertiPUR-US

The CertiPUR-US certification does not recognize organic or natural mattress materials. Rather, this award is reserved for the foams used in mattresses and other products. According to CertiPUR-US, certified foams do not contain the following components that have been linked to human health problems:

The CertiPUR-US certification also tests for VOC off-gassing. Certified foams must exhibit low VOC emissions for indoor air quality, which equates to less than 0.5 parts per million.

As we’ve already discussed, an all-foam, innerspring, or hybrid with polyfoam or memory foam layers will never be certified as organic because polyurethane foam is usually 100 percent chemical-based. However, the CertiPUR-US certification ensures the foam does not contain anything that will make you or your loved ones sick.

What Else You Can Do

Purchasing a mattress with organic or otherwise environmentally certified materials might not seem like much, but little steps like this go a long way toward helping the planet. There are other measures you can take to make your bedroom more eco-friendly, as well.

Recycling or Donating Your Old Mattress

If you purchase a new mattress, what will happen to your old bed? Many people choose to dispose of their former mattress at a dump or landfill. Unfortunately, these establishments – while convenient – are not very eco-friendly. As garbage deteriorates, its chemical components release chemicals into the air, and high volumes of trash can negatively affect soil and water quality in surrounding areas.

Recycling is a much more sustainable way to dispose of a mattress. This process ensures most mattress components will be reused for other products. There are some downsides to recycling a mattress, though. For one, it will require you to transport the mattress to the nearest recycling facility. Most people in urban areas live in relative proximity to a recycling center, but if you’re a rural-dweller this can amount to an hours-long drive. The good news: recycling a mattress anywhere in the country is fairly inexpensive, and usually will not cost more than $20 per bed.

“Why do I pay an up-front recycling fee when I buy a new mattress?” That’s what you might wonder if you live in California, Connecticut, or Rhode Island. These three states have special laws intended to help reduce mattress-related waste. Mattress brands charge buyers a one-time fee at the time of purchase, and this money is used to fund statewide mattress recycling programs. Fortunately, these fees are fairly low. Californians pay $10.50, Connecticuters pay $9, and Rhode Islanders pay $16. In exchange for paying the fee up-front, these residents can recycle mattresses for free at any state facility. People in California even receive a $3 incentive for each mattress they recycle.

An equally sustainable alternative to recycling a mattress is to donate it for reuse. Some organizations will accept used mattresses directly, such as the Furniture Bank Association, which donates beds and other furnishings to needy families. Another option is, which helps mattress owners find charities in their local area that take used beds. However, most places won’t accept damaged, soiled, or overused mattresses.

If you’d rather have someone else recycle your old mattress, consider White Glove delivery. This service from mattress brands includes scheduled delivery, in-home assembly of your new mattress, and removal of your old bed. The couriers will either donate or recycle the old mattress. However, not all brands offer White Glove delivery, it usually costs at least $150, and this service is rarely available outside the contiguous U.S.

Organic Pillows and Bedding

Pillows, sheets, and other bedding may also be certified as organic if they contain certain materials.

Latex pillows are widely available, and many of them contain the same GOLS-certified organic latex found in mattress layers. If the material is not certified as organic, it may also carry certifications for sustainable farming, eco-friendly production, or testing for harmful substances. Organic latex can also be used in mattress toppers, which are layers of padding placed on top of a mattress to change how firm it feels.

Sheets and pillowcases may also be made of GOTS-certified fibers. Organic cotton and organic wool sheet sets are widely available. Organic wool bedding products may also receive additional certifications for responsible and ethical treatment of sheep used to harvest the fibers.

Silk, a natural protein produced by silkworm larvae, is another fiber that can be used to make sheets and pillowcases. Another natural fiber used for bedding is linen, which comes from the flax plant and also has organic potential. Either of these materials may be GOTS-certified if they meet standard criteria. However, certified-organic silk and linen sheet sets are fairly rare, and both tend to be expensive.

Ethical Down

Down refers to the soft inner plumage found on ducks and geese. The material has an exceptionally fluffy and airy feel, making it a great choice for pillow fill. Down is also used as an insulating material in jackets and other garments.

Down production has recently come under fire for the way birds are housed, fed, and plucked. The Responsible Down Standard, or RDS, a new benchmark for manufacturers meant to curb these often inhumane practices. A major provision of the RDS is that live animals cannot be plucked for down, a practice that often results in open wounds and sores. Additionally, the birds cannot be force-fed and harvesters must demonstrate “holistic respect for animal welfare” up to and during slaughter.

A product must contain 100 percent ethical down to carry the RDS label. If you see a bedding product with this logo, you can purchase it knowing no ducks or geese came to harm.

Packaging and Return Policies

While you’re researching how mattress brands manufacture their products, you should also look into their shipping policies.

Some brands box their beds using recyclable cardboard and other green materials. Bed-in-a-box companies go a step further by compressing their mattresses for shipping, which reduces their size and the need for larger boxes. Additionally, companies that offer White Glove delivery will deliver directly to the customer’s house. This can conserve fuel and other resources related to shipping.

Let’s say you haven’t finished your new mattress sleep trial but you’ve already decided to return the bed. Most online mattress brands offer free returns, and this often includes couriers who will come to your house and remove the mattress for recycling or donation. Other brands will require you to recycle the mattress yourself, but still issue a full refund on the mattress.

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